Judaism cannot be considered a mere religion. It embraces not only the belief, but the whole culture and lifestyle of Jewish nation. Judaism is considered a monotheistic religion, which means that it is represented and one and only existing God, as opposed to religions that see the existnce of several mostly equal gods. Religious Jews consider this religion as the one that expressess the covenental relation between the God and Jewish people. The most important text of Judaism is the Torah, which is supplemented by several other texts, for instanse, Midrash and others.

As Judaism is the religion that is represented by one God, it is build not on the relation between different gods, as it is typical for the polytheistic religions, but rather on the relationship between the God and the world he created, which in most cases means the people. Because od this point Judaism is considered one of the ethical religions, meaning that God here pays attention to the people he created and takes care of them in their everyday life. God is known to love all the people on Earth as his own children. He also promotes love between people and people shall follow him in his love to them.

People, who adhere to the religion of Judaism are known to follow the 13 Faith principles that were created in this religion. They embrace: the Faith in the Creator, who as one and only created everything on Earth; that he is free from the physical body and the properties; that he is the only god one shall pray to and one is not allowed to pray to other gods. The believer shall take all the words of God's prophets as truthful and understand the fact that Moses was the chief among other prophets of the God and that he brought the word of God in the exact same way he received it.

Special holidays that are common for the Judaism are also a significant part of Jewish culture. Such holidays represent significant event in Jewish history or events, described in the Torah. The Shabbat, which takes place every week from Friday evening to Saturday evening represents the God's rest after the creation of the world. Then there are the three main pilgirm festivals, Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot which represent the Exodus from Egypt, the receival of Torah and the forty years of walking in the desert respectively. Each of the Jewish holidays is know by their own specific traditions, which are followed by many generations of believers.

Posted by July 7th, 2016